History of IDAI

History


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Indonesian Pediatric Society
The Indonesian Pediatric Society (IPS) was founded on 14th June 1954, coincide with the birthday of Dr. Sudjono D. Pusponegoro and Prof. Sutedjo. The first IPS president (1954-1968) was Prof. Dr. Sudjono D. Pusponegoro with members of the steering commitee consist of Prof. M.D. Hidayat, Dr. Sutedjo, Dr. Te Bek Siang, Dr. Ismangoen, Dr. Kwari Satjadibrata, Dr. Kho Ling Keng, and Dr. Jo Kian Tjai. The afterwards presidents were:
  • Prof. Sutedjo I (1968 - 1974),
  • Prof. R.O. Odang (1974 - 1977),
  • Dr. A.H. Markum (1978 - 1981),
  • Dr. Sofyan Ismael (1981 - 1984),
  • Dr.Sumarmo Poorwo Soedarmo (1984 - 1987),
  • Prof.Dr. A.H. Markum (1987 - 1989),
  • Dr, Asril Aminullah (1989 - 1990, karena Prof. A.H. Markum wafat 1989),
  • Dr. M. Hardjono Abdoerrachman (1990 - 1993),
  • Dr. Asril Aminullah (1993 - 1996),
  • Dr. Noenoeng Rahajoe (1996 - 1999),
  • Dr. Jose Rizal Latif Batubara (1999 - 2002),
  • Dr. Hardiono D. Pusponegoro (2002 - 2005),
  • Dr. Sukman Tulus Putra (2005 - 2008), dan
  • Dr. Badriul Hegar (2008 - 2011).
Indonesian Pediatric Society is the one and only society of Indonesian pediatricians - lies beneath of Ikatan Dokter Indonesia (IDI). IPS is based on Pancasila, with goals to raise the health degree and wellness of all Indonesian children, also to improve the knowledge and prosperity of all its members. In order to achieve these goals, IPS - hand in hand with the government - actively participating in maintaining and improving the quality of pediatric health care, through various researches, pediatric residency, tutorials and symposium in order to increase the Indonesian pediatricians' competence. IPS has also been working together with other regional and international pediatric societies and healthcare organizations, to maintain and struggle for the Indonesian pediatricians' rights and interests. The service period of each IPS Steering Commitee (Pengurus Pusat/PP IDAI) is three years. The head office is located in the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia. Each and every IPS member must honor and obey the Hippocrates Oath, the Indonesian Medical Ethic Code, the IPS Articles of Association and IPS Bylaw (AD/ART), including all the rules and the decisions exclaimed by IPS. Up until KONIKA XIV (2008) in Surabaya, East Java, the member of IPS has reached 2,305 pediatricians.
National Congress of Child Health

National Congress of Child Health (KONIKA) is the highest legislative council in the IPS as this is the conference assembly between all IPS representatives' branches, steering committee members and the Indonesian Collegium of Department of Child Health (DCH)/Kolegium IKAI. KONIKA, which held once every three years, consists of the organization assembly and the scientific meetings. In urgent situation, KONIKA can be held upon the recommendation of IPS Steering Commitee (PP IDAI), National Board of the Indonesian Collegium of Department of Child Health, or one of the IPS representative branch with approval of at least two-third of all IPS representatives' branches and National Board of the Indonesian Collegium of Department of Child Health.

The organizational court of KONIKA is held to finalize the Articles of Association and Bylaw (AD/ART) and also the Strategic Plans (Renstra) of IPS, to review the accountability of IPS Steering Committee and Collegium of DCH, to elect the new president for IPS Steering Commitee and Collegium of DCH, to state a new IPS representative branch, to assign membership, to determine the next venue of KONIKA and PIT, to determine the amount of entrance fee, subscription fee of Pediatrica Indonesiana, Sari Pediatri, to discuss any clauses related to pediatricians, to formulate any issue of child health based on the Strategic Plans.

    Until today, there has been 14 congresses of KONIKA held as follows:
  • KONIKA I in Semarang (12th - 15th April, 1968)
  • KONIKA II in Bandung (21st - 25th April, 1971)
  • KONIKA III in Surabaya (1st - 6th July, 1974)
  • KONIKA IV in Yogyakarta (21st - 25th May, 1978), with theme of "Improving the Child Health Service in the Society"
  • KONIKA V in Medan (14th - 18thJune, 1981), with theme of "Perfect Growth and Development for A Bright Future"
  • KONIKA VI in Denpasar (6th -19th July, 1984), with theme of "Children's today's health towards national prosperity in the future"
  • KONIKA VII in Jakarta (11th - 15th September, 1987), with theme of "Establishing the child health towards the take-off era"
  • KONIKA VIII in Ujung Padang (11th - 14th September, 1990), with theme of "Improving the children's quality to increase the national development "
  • KONIKA IX in Semarang (13th - 16th June, 1993), with theme of "Refining the quality of child's protection to support the nation development phase II"
  • KONIKA X in Bukittinggi (16th - 20th June, 1996), with theme of "Increase the IPS professionalism to create qualified human resources"
  • KONIKA XI in Jakarta (4th - 7th July, 1999), with theme of "Preparing and accomapnying children towards the 21st century"
  • KONIKA XII in Bali (30th June - 4th July, 2002), with theme of "Improving professionalism in health science and technology for implementation of the child right and protection in Indonesia", in conjunction with the 11th ASEAN Pediatric Federation Conference (APFC) with theme of "Improving adolescent health for future human resources"
  • KONIKA XIII in Bandung (4th - 7th July, 2005), with theme of "Scientific approach of child's health and its prevention from basic science to clinical application and community"
  • KONIKA XIV in Surabaya (5th - 9th July, 2008), with theme of "Competence-based professionalisme in Pediatrics" in conjuction with the 4th Asian Congress of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (4th ACPID) with theme of "Current challenges of pediatric infectious diseases".
The Annual Scientific Meeting of Child Health
The first PIT IKA was held in Palembang on 25th - 27th June, 2001. The second PIT was in Batam (12th-14th July, 2004), with theme of "Hot topic in pediatric" and the third PIT IKA was held in Yogyakarta (5th - 9th May, 2007) with theme of "Increasing researches by pediatricians from mollecular aspects to community with bioethics approach". The PIT IKA IV was conducted in Medan (20th - 24th February, 2010) with theme of "The role of pediatricians to achieve MDG's 2015".
The IPS Representative Branch

IPS representative branch can be founded in every province which has at least ten pediatricians as members. Each province may only have one IPS representative branch. The first IPS branches was founded in 1971 in Jakarta, Central Java and East Java. The first chairmans of IPS Jakarta branch, Central Java branch and East Java branch were Dr. L.A. Tamaela, Dr. Moeljono S. Trastotenojo, and Prof. Kwari Satjadibrata, respectively. Outside Java, the first IPS branch founded was IPS Sumatera branch (1972) in Medan, chaired by Dr. Sjarikat Tarigan; followed by West Java and Yogyakarta branch in 1974, chaired by Prof. Sugiri and Dr. Ismangoen, respectively.

In order to simplify the coordination, in 1978 the IPS Sumatera branch was divided into South-and-Central Sumatera branch (by Prof. Goepito) and North Sumatera branch (by Dr. Sjarikat Tarigan). In 1979, the IPS South Sumatera was founded, chaired by Dr. M. Farid. The IPS North Sumatera was established in 1981, chaired by Dr. J.M. Wantania. In 1984, the IPS South-and-Central Sumatera branch was once again divided into IPS South Sumatera branch (including Lampung and Bengkulu, chaired by Dr. Rusdi Ismail) and IPS West Sumatera (including Jambi and Riau, chaired by Dr. Sjamsir Daili).

In 1987, IPS Bali branch was founded after detached from IPS East Java, and chaired by Dr. Sudaryat Suraatmadja. IPS D.I. Aceh branch (now known as Nangroe Aceh Darussalam branch) was established on KONIKA X (1996) in Bukittinggi, chaired by Dr. Roestini Yusuf. On KONIKA XII in Bali, 4 new IPS representatives' branches were founded with their first chairmans as follow: Riau branch (Dr. Zaimi Zet), Lampung branch (Dr. Ruskandi M), Banten branch (Dr. Syartil Arfan NZ), and IPS South Kalimantan branch (Dr. Ari Yunanto). On KONIKA XIII (2005) in Bandung, IPS East Kalimantan branch was established, chaired by Dr. Bambang Suasono. On KONIKA XIV (2008) in Surabaya, 3 new IPS branches were founded: Jambi branch (Dr. Pandji Prijadi Budojo), Riau islands (Dr. Indra Yanti), and West Kalimantan branch (Dr. Charles E. Hutasoit). The total numbers of IPS members during each KONIKA are listed in table 1.

Indonesian Collegium of Department of Child Health

Indonesian Collegium of Department of Child Health (Indonesian Collegium of DCH) is the IPS executive council which responsible in educational process. The origin of Indonesian Collegium of DCH was started on KONIKA III in Surabaya (1974), known as Competency Review Board (Dewan Penilai Keahlian = DPK), chaired by Prof. Kwari Satjadibrata (1974-1978) and Dr. IGN. Gde Ranuh as secretary. On KONIKA IV (1978) in Yogyakarta, DPK was switch into Competency Development and Review Assembly (Majelis Pembina dan Penilai Keahlian = MPKK), chaired by Dr. IGN. Ranuh (1978-1984). In 1981, MPPK was once again switch into Child Health Competency Development and Review Assembly (Majelis Pembina dan Penilai Keahlian Kesehatan Anak = MPPKKA), chaired by Prof. DR. Iskandar Wahidiyat (1984-1990) and since 1990 MPPKKA was changed into Specialist Development and Review Assembly (Majelis Pembina dan Penilai Dokter Spesialis = MPPDS) chaired by Prof. Sofyan Ismael (1993-1999). The name of MPPDS was officially transformed into the Indonesian Collegium of CHD on KONIKA XI (1999) in Jakarta, chaired by Prof. Dr. Asril Aminullah. The Collegium of CHD consists of the Head of Department of CHD, the Chair of Study Program of Child Health, the representatives of Professors, and 4-5 cpedistric consultants selected by the Chairman of Collegium of CHD. The Chairman is verified in Organizational Court of KONIKA. In KONIKA XIII (Bandung, 2005), Dr. Arwin. A.P. Akib, Sp.A(K) was elected as the year 2005-2008 chairman. In KONIKA XIV (Surabaya, 2008), Dr. Bambang Supriyatno, Sp.A(K) was chosen as the next chairman of Collegium of CHD for 2008-2011. The Collegium of CHD is actively participating in arranging, establishing, evalusting and finalizing the curricullum, basic requirements for national specialistic education step I and II. the Collegium may also recommend the government to accept the residents based on their evaluations, to determine the competency level based on the National Evaluation Committee's judgment, to declare the graduation of level I and II residents, to reevaluate the compentence of overseas-graduated pediatricians, to administer their certificates to Specialist Assembly of Ikatan Dokter Indonesia (Majelis Dokter Spesialis IDI) and also to guarantee an adequate competency of child healthcare for all IPS members. The pediatric specialist curricullum was first arranged and established in 1976, with further finalizing in 1978 and 1990. The attainments of MPPDS include the guidebook (Curriculum Implementation Guidelines 1990), the establishment of criterias for acknowledgment and inauguration of pediatricians consultants, National Evaluation, National Examiner Board and dan National Examiner Commission, pediatrics textbook, pediatric healthcare standard operating procedures, teaching institution for pediatric consultants, continuing medical education, the memorial book of “60 tahun Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis Anak Indonesia", and the development of research center. The Collegium of CHD consists of: (1) Plennary court of Collegium, (2) National Board of Collegiium, (3) Daily Board of Collegium, (4) Other commissions as the complementary groups (Curricullum Commission, Eavluation Commission, Accreditation Commission, Development and Training Commission). Subcommission may also be formed as needed.

IPS Working Groups

The IPS working group (Unit Kerja Koordinasi=UKK) is a complementary unit of IPS whose mission is to build and develop sub-specialization groups in child health, to give advice for the IPS OC, and to act as consultant in national/regional/international scientific meetings. Prior to UKK development, some of the divisions in the department of child health formed collaborations, such as the Indonesian Pediatric Gastroenterology Cooperation (Badan Kerjasama Gastroenterologi Anak Indonesia = BKGAI), the Indonesian Neonatology Cooperation (Badan Kerjasama Neonatologi Indonesia = BKNI), the Indonesian Pediatric Nephrology Cooperation (Badan Kerjasama Nefrologi Anak Indonesia = BKNAI), and the Indonesian Pediatric Pulmonology (Badan Kerjasama Pulmonologi Anak Indonesia = BKPAI). These collaborations were then considered as jeopardy to the IPS unity and its programs.

Thus, the KONIKA IV (Yogyakarta, 1978) declared to form working groups under the IPS, now known as IPS working groups (Unit Kerja Koordinasi = UKK). All the above collaborations were then dismissed and changed into UKK, except for BKGAI which was multidisciplinnary collaboration. This decision was proved truly prudent as until now all subdisciplines in child health departments are still united as one.

In Konika IV, there were 5 working groups established: the gastroenterology working group, the neonatology working group, the social pediatric working group, the pulmonology working group, and the nephrology working group. Next in KONIKA V (Medan, 1981) another 4 working groups were established: the neurology working groups, the hematology working groups, the nutrition working group and the cardiology working group. The KONIKA VI (Denpasar, 1984) launched the pediatric emergency working group, and the infectious disease working group; while in the KONIKA VII (Jakarta, 1987) there was no new working group. Next in KONIKA VIII (Ujungpandang, 1990) endocrinology working group, radiology working group and allergy-immunology working group were established.

During the period of 1987-1990, the working groups were focused to revise the educational catalog of pediatrician training 1978 and to perform multicentres researches. Some working groups had also made the curricullum and opened the institution for pediatric consultants training which considered as the highest level in pediatric education. This was established in IPS working meeting in Bukittinggi, 1982.

Until 1997, the IPS has 14 working groups: gastrohepatology, neonatology, social pediatric, pulmonology, nephrology, neurology, hematology, nutrition, cardiology, pediatric emergency, infectious disease, endocrinology, radiology, and allergy-immunology. In the IPS working meeting (17th-20th October, 2002 at ShangriLa Hotel - Jakarta), the hematology was switched into hemato-oncology working group, the nutrition changed into the nutritional and metabollic working group. In KONIKA XIII (Bandung, 2005) the pulmonology was changed into respirology working group. Up until now, IPS has 14 working groups.

IPS Task Force
IPS task force has many activities that involve more than 1 working group:
  • Immunization task force
  • HIV task force
  • Pediatric pharmaceutical task force
  • Iron deficiency anemia task force
  • Outbreak and Disaster task force
  • Research and human resources development task force
  • Breastmilk task force
  • Child protection task force
  • Adolescent task force
Continuing Profesional Development (CPD) Committee
CPD Committee is responsible in designing and implementing the CPD curriculum, defining the accreditation points, and establishing the rules to reward professional credit points.
IPS Consideration Council
This council is responsible in assisting and offering IPS the suggestions and also other evaluations that might be needed by the IPS steering commitee.
IPS Members' Protection and Development Council
BP2A is responsible in refining and re-educating all the IPS members about law enforcements, medical ethic codes, and also giving law advocacy for members who had issue regarding the medical profession.
IPS Publishing House

IPS Publishing House is a complementary board which involved in all IPS publishing issue, together with the Indonesian Collegium of DCH and IPS representative's branch, to motivate and support IPS members in publishing their scientific writings, and also to cooperate and exchange with other national and international journals.

The first publication was in 1960, Berita Anak, with Prof. Te Bek Siang as editor assited by Dr. Samsudin. This publications issued for 3 editions. Since 1961 until today, an english journal of pediatric, Paediatrica Indonesiana, has been published 6 times a year with Prof. Sutedjo as the first editor (until 1975). In KONIKA III (Surabaya, 1974), Magazine Assembly (Majelis Majalah) was formed, chaired by Dr. Samsudin. In KONIKA VIII (Ujungpandang, 1990) this assembly was changed into IPS Publishing House (BP) until today.

The IPS publishing house issued 3 IPS magazines: Paediatrica Indonesiana, Sari Pediatri, and Buletin IDAI. Paediatrica Indonesiana was first published in 1974. In 1994, Sari Pediatri was published - a pediatric journal in Bahasa Indonesia, 4 edition/year - to spread the theory, concept and improvement in pediatric field to all pediatricians and general practitioner in Indonesia. Buletin IDAI was first published in 1998, as a communication and information media between IPS members, include the organizational news, members profile and many other articles related to IPS and childhealth.

Logo and Hymne
The IPS logo was inaugurated in KONIKA VII (Jakarta, 1987). The main figure is a blossom bud, colored in green - represent the fertility and the desire to see a well growed and developed children. The second figure, a pole curled by a snake in yellow background, symbolizes the nobility of medical science and technology as one of the main element in child health. The phrase “Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia" (Indonesian Pediatric Society) is placed to remind public that IPS is the only acceptable organization for Indonesian pediatricians. Along with the inauguration, a hymne by N. Simanungkalit was also accepted as the IPS hymne.
IDAI Awards
IPS handed five kinds of awards to certain eligible persons, whose dedications to child health are unquestionable. The R. Sutedjo award is given for IPS member with high achievement in the society. R. Kwari Satjadibrata award is for IPS member with high academic prestige. The A.H. Markum award is given to IPS member with high achievement in the scientific writings. Mas Hidayat award is given for a non-pediatric or an organization with high dedication to child healthcare. Another award is the IPS Honorable Award for IPS member whose considered highly admirable in developing the IPS. In another circumstances, such as disaster, an award may also be given to IPS members who showed high dedication.